Humans pay a lot of attention to preserving their appearance and health. They use herbal face food to maintain flawless skin and wear clothing that protects them from the sun and cold. Some people need to take extra care of themselves for medical reasons, due to conditions such as eczema or Diabetes.
It may be that you are a diabetic, in which case you’ll appreciate the need to look after your feet. Whether they’re in good condition or you’re experiencing issues, this article can give you some helpful tips on how to safeguard their health.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that results when the body cannot produce or use insulin properly. Without insulin, glucose (sugar) builds up in the bloodstream instead of being used for energy. Diabetes can cause serious health problems if it’s not treated. Whilst all diabetics are at risk of developing diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), there are things you can do to reduce your chances of getting one (as we shall discuss).
There are three main types of Diabetes: Type I Diabetes, Type II Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes. Type I Diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the body does not produce any insulin. It usually develops in childhood or adolescence and requires lifelong treatment with insulin injections. Type II Diabetes is the most common form and it occurs when the body doesn’t make enough insulin or doesn’t use it effectively. Gestational Diabetes occurs in pregnant women who have never had Diabetes before (usually after the 20th week of pregnancy) and it lasts until the baby is born.
One of the best ways to safeguard your diabetic foot is by wearing socks specifically designed for people with Diabetes. Diabetic socks are made with a special fabric that helps keep your feet dry and comfortable. They also have extra padding in key areas to provide extra support and protection. Always wear socks with a non-slip tread on the bottom to avoid slipping and sliding around when you walk.
Make sure you replace your socks often, especially if they get wet. This is because wearing damp socks can increase the risk of developing a skin infection. The internet is a great way to discover which are the best socks for diabetics, whether they’re ultra-soft socks, therapeutic crew socks or over-the-calf bamboo diabetic socks. You can also buy low-cut ortho-feet bio-soft diabetic socks and woolen versions.
Two things to avoid are going barefoot and always wearing the same shoes. If you wear flat shoes, try wearing a pair of heels as well because this will help you avoid having problems with blood flow and swelling. Make sure that there is enough room between the end of your shoe and your toes, so they can move around easily. Don’t choose tight shoes because constricted foot movement may lead to further complications such as ulcers or calluses. Here are some extra tips:
● Opt for something flexible that is well-fitting (not too tight or loose) and made of breathable material to prevent sweaty feet
● Make sure there is good arch support to prevent foot pain
● Use a shoehorn when putting on tight-fitting shoes to avoid injuring your toes
● Check your shoes beforehand for debris (e.g. leaves, stones or dirt) that can cause blisters
● Wear closed-toed shoes when going outdoors to avoid cuts on your feet from sticks or stones
● Buy comfortable shoes that are appropriate for outdoor activities like running or hiking, and put an elastic bandage on any sore area of the foot to keep it from rubbing against the shoe.
When doing so, make sure you take short steps and avoid going on uneven surfaces (e.g. gravel or sand) wherever possible. If you can’t avoid it, try to step heel-first so that you distribute your weight evenly. Also, you should always wear supportive shoes with non-skid soles. Wearing proper footwear can help reduce the risk of developing blisters or other injuries.
Make sure that the floor is free of obstructions so that you don’t trip over anything while walking. Be careful if you feel like you’re about to trip or slip because falling can cause serious injuries for people with Diabetes. Pay attention to what’s on the ground – if there are sharp objects or glass, avoid stepping on them. If you live near water, be careful around pools and puddles. Finally, give yourself extra time to walk slowly when going upstairs.
Keep your feet dry and clean (using soap and water), especially after a shower, bath or walk in the rain. Keep your feet dry by wearing socks or shoes that will wick moisture away from them. Wear cotton socks or tights (not nylon stockings) for the same reason.
Keep your nails trimmed so they don’t catch on socks or other clothing items because that can lead to skin breakdown or infection. Regularly check your feet for cuts, sores, swelling, redness or yellowish discharges and get checkups with a podiatrist every six months.
One of the best ways to safeguard your diabetic foot is to watch your general health. Make sure you are getting enough exercise and eating a healthy diet. Another important activity involves regularly monitoring your blood sugar levels. Keeping them within a healthy range will help reduce the risk of developing any medical complications with your feet or otherwise. Check your feet daily for any cuts or bruises, blisters and sores – and make sure you are cleaning them properly. If you do have any sort of wound or infection, be sure to seek medical attention right away. Ignoring an issue with your feet can only lead to further problems down the road.
If you look after your general health and lifestyle and your feet in particular, you’ll be able to live the best possible life. Whilst Diabetes is something you never get a day off from, it’s still possible to experience fun and laughter every day.